Iran's return to the international fold accelerated as President Hassan Rouhani sealed multi-billion dollar deals with Italian companies keen to capitalize on the lifting of sanctions on the Islamic Republic.
Italian officials said contracts signed in Rome would be worth up to €17 billion ($18.4 billion), topped by a €5 billion deal for pipeline company Saipem, whose shares surged 18.5 percent in Milan on Monday.
A major order for Airbus planes is expected to be confirmed in France on Wednesday along with tie-ups with French carmakers Peugeot and Renault.
Rouhani said he had come to Europe with an 'open for business' message in the aftermath of Tehran's nuclear deal with the West.
"The Iranian market offers Italian and European investors the opportunity to establish themselves in the entire region," he said.
Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi added: "We have signed the first accords but we are only at the start of a long road."
The Iranian leader is accompanied by more than 100 ministers, officials and businessmen.
Rouhani, a 67-year-old former academic and diplomat who is seen as a pragmatist, was elected in 2013 on a pledge to end sanctions and improve relations with the West.
"We have had friendly relations with Italy and France in the past and we want to continue our good relations with them," Rouhani told reporters before his departure on Monday from Mehrabad Airport.
He also revealed that "important contracts" were in the works with Peugeot and Renault, adding to a burgeoning list of deals being struck as European companies scramble to get back into a $400-billion economy with the world's fourth biggest oil reserves and a consumer market of 80 million people.
Billions up for grabs
National carrier Iran Air said on Sunday it would be buying 114 Airbus planes to modernize an ageing fleet that has struggled to stay in the air as a result of the impact of sanctions.
That deal alone underlines the huge economic stakes involved in Iran's re-opening, particularly for Europe's manufacturing and engineering sectors.
Iran's Transport Minister Abbas Akhoundi said the first Airbuses were earmarked for delivery by March and that Iran was in the market for a total of up to 500 planes.
Peugeot is tipped to forge a car assembly joint venture with Iran Khodro, reviving a partnership which generated Iranian sales of 473,000 units in its last year before the French company pulled out in 2012.
Iranian media reported the deal will involve investment of €500 million.
Iran's Central Bank governor said last week the country was counting on the nuclear deal unblocking some $50 billion worth of foreign investment.
Italian companies have been amongst the quickest off the blocks with a major business delegation having visited Tehran in November.
Italy was formerly Iran's biggest European trading partner, but trade has dwindled to a fifth of its former volume as a result of the sanctions.
National carrier Alitalia said on Monday it was upgrading its Rome-Tehran service from four a week to a daily flight in anticipation of increased business and tourist travel.