With Middle East passengers projected to double by 2035, the GCC is fueling $100 billion in airport expansion and construction projects in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, according to industry experts.
The UAE will lead the Middle East growth in number of air travelers with over 6.3% annual growth, as per latest estimates by the IATA.
The region is projected to witness a robust 5% annual growth, which expects 7.2 billion passengers to travel in 2035, a near doubling of the 3.8 billion air travelers in 2016. The strong growth is expected to fuel further investments toward airport expansion projects.
With the number of air passengers estimated to double, airports worldwide have been looking at ways to effectively handle the rising numbers and improve and upgrade their facilities.
According to a recent report by Deloitte, Dubai is executing a $34 billion Dubai World Central (DWC) project which involves construction of five runways and the capacity to handle 160 million passengers a year.
Dubai International Airport, which overtook London Heathrow as the world’s busiest airport by international traffic, expects passenger traffic crossing 83 million this year from 78 million last year, and 90 million people using the facility next year.
To support the growth, the airport has announced it has commissioned work on a project that will expand the number of A380 contact stands at Dubai International's (DXB) Concourse C to enable the facility to accommodate Emirates' growing fleet of superjumbos.
The upgrade project which commenced in the third quarter this year and is expected to be completed by the end of 2018, is part of Dubai's Airports' DXB Plus program under which the operator aims to increase DXB's capacity to 118 million passengers per year by 2023 without building any additional major infrastructure.
Decline in oil prices has not impacted the expansion plans due to the UAE’s diversification policy, which has reduced the economy’s dependence on oil.
Abu Dhabi International Airport is set to reach 40 million passengers by 2017 with the new $6.8 billion Midfield Terminal Building (MTB) project.
The 700,000 sqm terminal building is one of the key strategic infrastructure projects to be undertaken in the UAE capital and will initially handle 27 million passengers per year and will be 70% complete by the end of this year. The new terminal is a part of Abu Dhabi’s broader plans to increase tourist traffic as part of the Vision 2030 strategy to diversify the economy.
Sharjah International Airport plans to handle 25 million passengers per annum by the year 2025, in line with the expansion of the aviation sector.
Ajman is undertaking the $571.6 million Ajman International Airport project, expected to handle around one million passengers a year once completed.
King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia started its three-stage development with a budget of over $1.5 billion, with the goal of catering to over 30 million passengers. The first phase, includes a 400,000 sqm terminal complex tower, control tower, access roads and utilities, is scheduled for delivery in 2017. Phase 2 and 3 will take the airport through to 2035 when it will cater to 85 million people.
The airport expansion will help the kingdom increase its passengers from 28 million to 45 million by 2020, a goal that has been set by the GACA's operational plan.
Kuwait awarded a contract worth $4.8 billion to a local company for the expansion of the country's only international airport. This involves a new terminal and a runway in addition to around 30 gates to boost the facility's capacity from the current 7million passengers to 13 million in 2016. The airport's capacity is slated to increase to 25 million passengers by 2025.
Bahrain has undertaken a $1 billion expansion project to boost capacity of its international airport to 13.5 million passengers a year.